A complete blood lipid profile measures the levels of total cholesterol and other particles such as low density lipoprotein (LDL-cholesterol), high density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol) and triglycerides (TG). Of these, HDL is known to be protective against heart problems while high levels of LDL and TGs are associated with development of heart problems such coronary artery disease where the blood supply to the heart is reduced.

A triad of high TG accompanied by low HDL-C levels and high LDL-C, is known as atherogenic dyslipidemia, and is an important cause of coronary artery disease. In India,the dyslipidemia triad is seen in a significant part of the  population with elevated TG in 29.5%, low HDL in 72.3% and elevated LDL  in 11.8%.

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